The Comprehensive Du’a – When You Want Everything!
The Comprehensive Du’a
Du’a is an act of worship which draws us close to Allah Almighty, as the supplicant acknowledges their complete need and reliance on the One who created, nurtures and sustains them and to the One to whom they will ultimately and inevitably return.
As our needs are infinite and endless, one of the best ways to cover everything we require is by making a comprehensive du’a.
When the generosity of Allah Almighty is so vast that He can grant anything, why not ask for everything?!
What is the best way of asking for everything without it taking all day…
Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) liked comprehensive supplications or al Jawami’ – i.e. supplications with very few words but comprehensive in meanings, and he discarded others.
Why Make Du’a?
The Prophet (peace be on him) said:
‘Du’a (supplication) is worship.’ (Abu Dawud)
How to Make Du’a
‘Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that when the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) raised his hands in supplication, he did not lower them till he wiped his face with them. (Tirmidhi)
Best Time to Make Du’a
The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) said:
The supplication made between the adhan and the iqamah is never rejected. (Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi).
The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) was asked: ‘At what time does the supplication find the greatest response?’ He replied:
A supplication made during the middle of the last part of the night and after the conclusion of the obligatory prayers. (Tirmidhi)
What Should we Ask for Everyday?
Umm Salama (may Allah be pleased with her) said that the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) after he finished saying his salam in Fajr prayer used to say :
‘Allahumma inni asaluka ilman nafian, wa rizqan tayyiban, wa amalan mutaqabalan’
O Allah indeed I ask You for beneficial knowledge, and a good halal provision, and actions which are accepted. (Ibn Majah and Nasaai)
This comprehensive supplication sets three key targets for everyday:
- Beneficial knowledge (which leads to Allah Almighty and what pleases Him).
- Wholesome halal rizq, away from haram and doubts.
- Accepted deeds, which are made for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the guidance of the Sunnah.
Make Du’a with Certainty
The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) said:
Call upon Allah while being certain of being answered, and know that Allah does not respond to a supplication from the heart of one heedless and occupied by play. (Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud)
Not Being Impatient or Losing Hope
Allah’s Messenger (peace be on him) said that the supplication of the servant is granted in case he does not supplicate for sin or for severing the ties of blood, or he does not become impatient. He was then asked ‘What does: ‘If he does not grow impatient’ imply? The Prophet (peace be on him) explained that the supplicant should not say ‘I supplicated and I supplicated but I did not find it being responded and then he becomes frustrated and abandons supplication.’ (Muslim)
Making Du’a Before Hard Times
‘Whoever wishes that Allah would respond to him during hardship and grief, then let him supplicate plentifully when at ease.’ Tirmidhi.
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to make this du’a:
O people, fear Allah and seek your provisions in the permissible way, verily no soul will die until it receives its provisions fully, even if it came late, so fear Allah and seek your provisions in the permissible way, take what is permissible and leave what is prohibited. (Ibn Majah)
And the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him said:
O people, there is nothing that makes you closer to Heaven and away from Hell but I have commanded you to do. And there is nothing that makes you closer to Hell and away from Heaven but I have forbade you to do.
Indeed the trusted spirit (Jibril) revealed to me that no soul will die until it receives its provision fully, so fear Allah and seek your provisions in the permissible way, and do not let the delay of your provision drive you to seek it through disobedience to Allah, verily Allah’s provisions can’t be sought but through His obedience. (Ibn Abi Shaybah, Bayhaqi and Al-Baghawi)
Comprehensive Du’a against Harm and Oppression
O my Lord, help me and do not assist others against me; aid me and do not aid others against me; plot for me and do not plot against me; guide me and make guidance easy for me; and help me against those who harm and oppress me.
O my Lord, make me grateful to You, remembering You, and submissive (or repentant) to You.
Accept my repentance and wash away my sins; accept my supplication and establish my proof. Guide my heart, make my tongue righteous, and remove my heart’s vile traits. (Abu Dawoud and Tirmidhi)
A Comprehensive Du’a
The Messenger of Allah said to Shaddad bin Aws, ‘When you see people hoarding gold and silver, then you should treasure these words:
O Allah, I ask you to grant me stability in my affairs and the determination to attain guidance, and I ask You to enable me to be grateful for Your favours, and to worship You in the best manner,
and I ask You for a sound heart, and a truthful tongue, and I ask of You the best of what You know,
and I seek refuge in You from the evil that You know of, and I ask Your forgiveness for what is within Your knowledge and You are the All Knowing of the Unseen. (Ibn Hibban)
Du’a for Noor
O Allah, place light in my heart, and on my tongue light, and in my ears light and in my sight light, and above me light, and below me light, and to my right light, and to my left light, and before me light and behind me light.
Place in my soul light. Magnify for me light, and amplify for me light. (Nasa’i and Ahmad)
Du’a for Protection
One of the supplications that the Prophet (peace be on him) used to say was:
Allahumma, inni a’udhu bika min ‘ilmin la yanfa’u, wa mindu’a’in la yusma’u, wa min qalbin la yakhsha’u, wa min nafsin la tashba’u
O Allah, I seek refuge with You from knowledge that is of no benefit, from a supplication that is not heard, from a heart that does not fear (You) and from a soul that is not satisfied). (Ibn Majah)
Du’a against Calamity
The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) used to supplicate:
Allahumma inni a’udhu bika min zawali ni’matika, wa tahawwuli ‘afiyatika, wa fuja’ati niqmatika, wa jami’i sakhatika
O Allah! I seek refuge in You against the declining of Your Favours, passing of safety, the suddenness of Your punishment and all that which displeases You). (Muslim)
One of the supplications of the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) was:
Allahumma inni as’aluka mujibati rahmatika, wa ‘aza’ima maghfiratika, was-salamata min kulli ithmin, wal-ghanimata min kulli birrin, wal-fawza bil- jannati, wannajata mina-nar
O Allah! I beg You for that which incites Your Mercy and the means of Your forgiveness, safety from every sin, the benefit from every good deed, success in attaining Jannah and deliverance from Fire). (Al-Hakim)
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that he requested the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) to teach him a supplication to recite in salah. Thereupon he was taught to recite: Allahumma inni zalamtu nafsi zulman kathiran, wa la yaghfirudh- dhunuba illa Anta, faghfir li maghfiratan min ‘indika, warhamni, innaka Antal-Ghafur-ur-Rahim
O Allah! I have considerably wronged myself. There is none to forgive the sins but You. So grant me pardon and have mercy on me. You are the Most Forgiving, the Most Compassionate). (Bukhari and Muslim)
The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) used to teach his companions this supplication as he would teach them a Surah of the Qur’an:
Allahumma, inni na’uwdhu bika min ‘adhabi jahannama, wa a’udhu bika min ‘adhabil-qabri, wa a’udhu bika min fitnatil-masihid-dajjali, wa a’udhu bika min fitnatil-mahya wal-mamat
O Allah, we seek refuge with You from the torment of Hell, and I seek refuge with You from the torment of the grave, and I seek refuge with You from the tribulation of Al-Masihid-Dajjal, and I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and death. (Nasa’i)
Du’a for Allah’s Love
The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) said one of the supplications of Dawud (peace be on him) was:
O Allah, indeed, I ask You for Your love and the love of those who love You, and for the action that will cause me to attain Your love, O Allah, make Your love more beloved to me than myself, my family and cold water.
And when the Prophet (peace be on him) would mention Dawud, he would say that ‘He was the best in worship out of all men.’ (Tirmidhi)
It was narrated from Aisha that the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) taught her this supplication:
O Allah, I ask You for all that is good, in this world and in the Hereafter, what I know and what I do not know. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from all evil, in this world and in the Hereafter, what I know and what I do not know.
O Allah, I ask You for the good that Your slave and Prophet has asked You for, and I seek refuge with You from the evil from which Your slave and Prophet sought refuge.
O Allah, I ask You for Paradise and for that which brings one closer to it, in word and deed, and I seek refuge in You from Hell and from that which brings one closer to it, in word and deed.
And I ask You to make every decree that You decree concerning me good.’ (Ibn Majah)
Shahr bin Hawshab asked Umm Salamah, the Mother of the Believers what supplication the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) said most frequently when he was with her, and she replied that it was:
O Changer of the hearts, make my heart firm upon Your religion.
When she had asked him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, why do you supplicate so frequently: “O Changer of the hearts, make my heart firm upon Your religion”?’ He said: ‘O Umm Salamah! Verily, there is no human being except that his heart is between Two Fingers of the Fingers of Allah, so whomsoever He wills He makes steadfast, and whomever He wills He causes to deviate.’ (Tirmidhi)
Shakl ibn Humayd asked the Messenger of Allah to teach him a supplication. So he said:
Say: ‘O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from the evil of what I hear, from the evil of what I see, from the evil of what I speak, from the evil of what I think, and from the evil of my semen’ (i.e. sexual passion). (Abu Dawoud)
‘Ammar bin Yasir said: I heard from the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him):
O Allah, by Your knowledge of the unseen and Your power over creation, keep me alive so long as You know that living is good for me and cause me to die when You know that death is better for me.
O Allah, cause me to fear You in secret and in public. I ask You to make me true in speech in times of pleasure and of anger. I ask You to make me moderate in times of wealth and poverty. And I ask You for everlasting delight and joy that will never cease.
I ask You to make me pleased with that which You have decreed and for an easy life after death.
I ask You for the sweetness of looking upon Your face and a longing to meet You in a manner that does not entail a calamity that will bring about harm or a trial that will cause deviation.
O Allah, beautify us with the adornment of faith and make us among those who guide and are rightly guided. (Nasa’i)
Ibn Abbas said one night, when the Prophet (peace be on him) finished his salah, he said:
O Allah, I ask You of Your mercy, that You guide by it my heart, and gather by it my affair, and bring together that which has been scattered of my affairs, and correct with it that which is hidden from me, and raise by it that which is apparent from me, and purify by it my actions, and inspire me by it with that which contains my guidance, and protect me by it from that which I seek protection, and protect me by it from every evil.
O Allah give me faith and certainty after which there is no disbelief, and mercy, by which I may attain the high level of Your generosity in the world and the Hereafter.
O Allah, I ask You for success (in that which You grant, and relief) in the Judgement, and the positions of the martyrs, and the provision of the successful, and aid against the enemies.
O Allah, I leave to You my need, and my actions are weak, I am in need of Your mercy, so I ask You, O Decider of the affairs, and O Healer of the chests, as You separate me from the punishment of the blazing flame, and from seeking destruction, and from the trial of the graves.
O Allah, whatever my opinion has fallen short of, and my intention has not reached it, and my request has not encompassed it, of good that You have promised to anyone from Your creation, or any good You are going to give to any of Your slaves, then indeed, I seek it from You and I ask You for it, by Your mercy, O Lord of the Worlds.
O Allah, Possessor of the strong rope, and the guided affair, I ask You for security on the Day of the Threat, and Paradise on the Day of Immortality along with the witnesses, brought-close, who bow and prostrate, who fulfil the covenants, You are Merciful, Loving, and indeed, You do what You wish.
O Allah, make us guided guiders and not misguided misguiders, an ally to Your friends, an enemy to Your enemies. We love due to Your love, those who love You, and hate, due to Your enmity those who oppose You.
O Allah, this is the supplication (that we are capable of), and it is upon You to respond, and this is the effort (that we are capable of), and upon You is the reliance.
O Allah, appoint a light in my heart for me, and a light in my grave, and light in front of me, and light behind me, and light on my right, and light on my left, and light above me, and light below me, and light in my hearing, and light in my vision, and light in my hair, and light in my skin, and light in my flesh, and light in my blood, and light in my bones.
O Allah, magnify for me light, and appoint for me a light. Glory is to the One who wears Glory and grants by it. Glory is to the One for Whom glorification is not fitting except for Him, the Possessor of Honour and Bounties, Glory is to the Possessor of Glory and Generosity, Glory is to the Possessor of Majesty and Honour. (Tirmidhi)
Du’a for Leaving a Gathering
The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) seldom left a gathering without supplicating:
O Allah, apportion to us such fear as should serve as a barrier between us and acts of disobedience; and such obedience as will take us to Your Jannah; and such as will make easy for us to bear in the calamities of this world.
O Allah! let us enjoy our hearing, our sight and our power as long as You keep us alive and make our heirs from our own offspring, and make our revenge restricted to those who oppress us, and support us against those who are hostile to us let no misfortune afflict our Deen;
let not worldly affairs be our principal concern, or the ultimate limit of our knowledge, and let not those rule over us who do not show mercy to us. (Tirmidh)
May Allah teach us beneficial knowledge, and benefit us from what we have learnt and increase us in knowledge, and in action and in understanding in our deen.
May He open the locks of our hearts by His remembrance, inspire us to be grateful to Him, make us among those who know Him. And not make us of those who are heedless of Him. Ameen.
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