What can you recite during sujud?
During sujud the sunnah is to recite subhana rabbiyal a’la) which means ‘Glorious is my Lord the Most High’.
You can also recite tahlil (La ilaha illallah which means ‘there’s no God but God’) and tahmeed (alhamdulillah which means praise be to God) and you can recite dua in your fard, sunnah or nafil salah.
Do not recite the Quran in sujud (unless it is a Quranic dua)
It is forbidden to recite the Quran in ruku or sujud, unless you are reciting a dua from the Quran, such as:
ربنا هَبْ لَنَا مِنْ أَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا قُرَّةَ أَعْيُنٍ وَاجْعَلْنَا لِلْمُتَّقِينَ إِمَامًا
rabbana hablana min azwaajina wa dhuriyyatina qurrata A’yunin waj’alna lil- muttaqina imama
Our Lord! Grant unto us wives and offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and give us (the grace) to lead the righteous.
Ibn ‘Abbas reported God’s Messenger (may Allah be pleased with you) as saying:
وَعَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «أَلَا إِنِّي نُهِيتُ أَنْ أَقْرَأَ الْقُرْآنَ رَاكِعًا أَوْ سَاجِدًا فَأَمَّا الرُّكُوعُ فَعَظِّمُوا فِيهِ الرَّبَّ وَأَمَّا السُّجُودُ فَاجْتَهِدُوا فِي الدُّعَاءِ فَقَمِنٌ أَنْ يُسْتَجَابَ لَكُمْ» . رَوَاهُ مُسلم
“I have been prohibited to recite the Quran when bowing or prostrating myself; so when bowing glorify the Lord, and when prostrating yourselves be earnest in supplication, for it is fitting that your supplications should be answered.’’ (Muslim)
‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) also said:
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade me to recite Quran when bowing and prostrating. (Muslim)
The reason it is disliked is because the Quran is the Word of Allah and should be glorified, whereas the position of bowing and prostration is one of humility and submission, so it is more appropriate for the worshipper to praise Allah in that position and make dua.
The sujud in fard salah
In the fard salah it is better to stick to dhikr and make dua in Arabic to stay on the side of caution. There is an opinion that you can recite your dua in fard salah in any language, but it would be better to do this outside of your fard salah, in a sunnah salah, or nawafil, as there is no necessity to do this in your fard salah and it is a grey area.
What language can you recite in during the sujud?
In the sunnah or nawafil salah you may recite any dua in any language in sujud. You can put forward your troubles to Allah and ask Him to help you.
Dua in sujud
Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to say in his sujud:
“O Allah, forgive me all my sins, small and great, first and last, open and secret.” (Muslim).
Allāhumma’ghfir lī dhanbī kullahu, diqqahu wa jillahu, wa awwalahu wa ākhirahu wa `alāniyyatahu wa sirrahu.
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