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Are you sure your deeds will be accepted on the Day of Judgement?

Are you sure your deeds will be accepted on the Day of Judgement?

In the Quran, we read many verses on the topic of actions and deeds. In many verses Allah is commanding humanity to do good.

Are your actions acceptable?

In Surat Tawbah, Allah Almighty tells us that He is aware of what you are doing:

﴿١٠٥﴾ وَقُلِ اعْمَلُوا فَسَيَرَى اللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمْ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ ۖ وَسَتُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

Say, “Act. Allah will see your actions, as will His Messenger and the believers. Then you will be returned to the Knower of secrets and declarations, and He will inform you of what you used to do.” [9:105]

In more than 50 verses, Allah Almighty refers to ‘those who believe AND do good deeds’ so not only do we have to be active and do good actions but we have to do these actions so that meet the criteria of acceptance by Him. We need to be sure that we are not just doing the actions for the sake of it, but we need keep checking if we would be happy for those deeds to be recorded. Would we be ashamed of them or happy about them when they are presented back to us later?

In Surat al Isra, Allah Almighty says:

﴿٨٤﴾ قُلْ كُلٌّ يَعْمَلُ عَلَىٰ شَاكِلَتِهِ فَرَبُّكُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنْ هُوَ أَهْدَىٰ سَبِيلًا

Say, “Each does according to his disposition. Your Lord knows best who is better guided in the way.” [17:84]

As a stern warning, in Surat al Furqan, we see the terrifying and striking image of piles of a deeds accumulated over a lifetime, amounting to nothing, being utterly worthless, like dust that blows away in the wind.

﴿٢٣﴾ وَقَدِمْنَا إِلَىٰ مَا عَمِلُوا مِنْ عَمَلٍ فَجَعَلْنَاهُ هَبَاءً مَنْثُورًا

And We will proceed to their deeds, and We will reduce them to scattered dust. [25:23]

This means that we have to be careful.

Don’t be complacent

In Surat al Kahf, Allah Almighty draws our attention to those who assume they are pious and doing the right things, but their deeds are not acceptable to Allah. Again, this is scary. We cannot take for granted that our deeds are worthy of acceptance.

Accountability

﴿١٠٣﴾ قُلْ هَلْ نُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِالْأَخْسَرِينَ أَعْمَالًا

Say, “Shall we inform you about the worst losers’ actions?” [18:103

﴿١٠٤﴾ الَّذِينَ ضَلَّ سَعْيُهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَهُمْ يَحْسَبُونَ أَنَّهُمْ يُحْسِنُونَ صُنْعًا

“Those whose efforts in this world are misguided, while they assume that they are virtuous in their works.” [18:104]

﴿١٠٥﴾ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِمْ وَلِقَائِهِ فَحَبِطَتْ أَعْمَالُهُمْ فَلَا نُقِيمُ لَهُمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ وَزْنًا

It is they who reject the communications of their Lord, and in the meeting with Him. So their works are in vain. And on the Day of Resurrection, We will consider them of no weight. [18:105]

 Allah Almighty reminds those who deny the Hereafter and Akhirah of our accountability. In Surat al Hud He tells them that their choice is upto them, but that ultimately their fate awaits. They cannot escape judgement:

﴿١٢١﴾ وَقُلْ لِلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ اعْمَلُوا عَلَىٰ مَكَانَتِكُمْ إِنَّا عَامِلُونَ

And say to those who do not believe, “Act according to your ability; and so will we.” [11:121]

﴿١٢٢﴾ وَانْتَظِرُوا إِنَّا مُنْتَظِرُونَ

 “And wait! We too are waiting.” [11:122]

How to ensure your deeds will be accepted

The Prophet (peace be on him) was sent to clarify the way to Allah, what they should do and the conditions for the acceptance of their deeds. There are two things which qualify a deed for acceptance:

  1. The intention is crucial.
  2. The action has to be in accordance in the guidance of the Prophet (peace be on him)

Intention

‘Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said:

وعن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏ “‏من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه مسلم‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who does an action contrary to our way (i.e., Islam) will have it rejected.” [Muslim]

We all know the famous hadith that actions are by intention.

Umar bin al-Khattab narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) said:

عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ إِنَّمَا الأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّةِ وَإِنَّمَا لاِمْرِئٍ مَا نَوَى فَمَنْ كَانَتْ هِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ فَهِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَمَنْ كَانَتْ هِجْرَتُهُ لِدُنْيَا يُصِيبُهَا أَوِ امْرَأَةٍ يَتَزَوَّجُهَا فَهِجْرَتُهُ إِلَى مَا هَاجَرَ إِلَيْهِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏متفق عليه

(The value of) an action depends on the intention behind it. A man will be rewarded only for what he intended. The emigration of one who emigrates for the sake of Allah and His Messenger (peace be on him) is for the sake of Allah and His Messenger (peace be on him); and the emigration of one who emigrates for gaining a worldly advantage or for marrying a woman is for what he has emigrated. [Bukhari and Muslim]

It was narrated that Abu ‘Umamah Al-Bahili said:

عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ الْبَاهِلِيِّ، قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ أَرَأَيْتَ رَجُلاً غَزَا يَلْتَمِسُ الأَجْرَ وَالذِّكْرَ مَا لَهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ لاَ شَىْءَ لَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَأَعَادَهَا ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ يَقُولُ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ لاَ شَىْءَ لَهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَقْبَلُ مِنَ الْعَمَلِ إِلاَّ مَا كَانَ لَهُ خَالِصًا وَابْتُغِيَ بِهِ وَجْهُهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏النسائي.

“A man came to the Prophet (peace be on him) and said: ‘What do you think of a man who fights seeking reward and fame – what will he have?’ The Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) said: ‘He will not have anything.’ He repeated it three times, and the Prophet (ﷺ) said to him: ‘He will not have anything.’ Then he said: ‘Allah does not accept any deed, except that which is purely for Him, and seeking His Face.'” [Nasa’i]

Actions are presented to Allah every week. Are your actions worthy of being presented?

We have to remember that our deeds are presented to Allah. Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be on him) said:

وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال‏:‏ قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏:‏ ‏ “‏تعرض الأعمال في كل اثنين وخميس، فيغفر الله لكل امرئ لا يشرك بالله شيئا، إلا امرءا كانت بينه وبين أخيه شحناء، فيقول‏:‏ اتركوا هذين حتى يصطلحا‏”‏ ‏(‏‏(‏رواه مسلم‏)‏‏)‏‏.‏

“People’s deeds are presented before Allah on Mondays and Thursdays, and then every slave (of Allah) is granted forgiveness (of minor sins) if he does not associate anything with Allah in worship. But the person in whose heart there is rancour against his brother, will not be pardoned. With regard to them, it is said twice: ‘Hold these two until they are reconciled’.” [Muslim]

Actions are presented on Mondays and Thursdays and that is why in the narration of Tirmidhi, the Prophet (peace be on him) used to fast on Mondays and Thursdays as he wanted his fasts to be included in his records when they were presented to Allah.

Check your deeds are being done in line with the guidance of the Prophet (peace be on him) and the right intention, otherwise it will be scattered like dust. We ask Allah to enable us to always do the right actions which we will be pleased with on the Day of Judgement and before that when it is presented to Allah every Monday and Thursday. Ameen.

Shaykh Haytham Tamim

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Shaykh Haytham Tamim is the founder and main teacher of the Utrujj Foundation. He has provided a leading vision for Islamic learning in the UK, which has influenced the way Islamic knowledge is disseminated. He has orchestrated the design and delivery of over 200 unique courses since Utrujj started in 2001. His extensive expertise spans over 30 years across the main Islamic jurisprudence schools of thought. He has studied with some of the foremost scholars in their expertise; he holds some of the highest Ijazahs (certificates) in Quran, Hadith (the Prophetic traditions) and Fiqh (Islamic rulings). His own gift for teaching was evident when he gave his first sermon to a large audience at the age of 17 and went on to serve as a senior lecturer of Islamic transactions and comparative jurisprudence at the Islamic University of Beirut (Shariah College). He has continued to teach; travelling around the UK, Europe and wider afield, and won the 2015 BISCA award (British Imams & Scholars Contributions & Achievements Awards) for Outstanding Contribution to Education and Teaching.