Becoming closer to Allah
In Surat Az-Zumar, Allah Almighty talks about those who do qiyam (voluntary night prayers) and supplicate to Allah, and how they are not equal to those who deny Allah and reject the akhirah, and are only concerned with the dunya.
Makki vs Madani surahs
This is a Makki surah. Like other, similar surahs, it addresses basic issues of reality, and deals with the way people think, and the way they challenged the Prophet (peace be on him), accused him, called him names, etc. In the Makki revelations we also see that the topics of the akhirah, monotheism and tawhid, the authority of Allah, and the truthfulness of the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) are heavily present. In the Madani revelations, we see more rulings on community issues, hypocrisy, war and peace, etc. Each type of revelation has distinct characteristics.
Continuing good habits after Ramadan
In this surah, Allah is addressing the issue of those who are obedient to Allah, and immerse themselves in his ‘ibada, doing qiyam and dua. He draws our attention to the fact that we are in need of Allah, but He is not in need of anyone. He’s telling us that if we want to be close to Allah, then we need to be among those who do qiyam and stand to supplicate Allah. We are lucky that Ramadan brings us closer to this status, but hopefully we can keep it after Ramadan. Alhamdulillah, it’s good that we do more qiyam and dhikr and recitation of Quran in Ramadan, but we need to extend this outside Ramadan as well inshallah.
How do we become closer to Allah?
In Surat al-Baqarah, Allah says, ‘If My servants ask you about Me, tell them that I am near.’ [2:186] This nearness comes with submission to Allah Almighty. Elsewhere in the Quran, He says, ‘Prostrate and draw near to Allah.’ [96:19] If you want to be near Allah, it will be through your sujood. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) said in his hadith, ‘The nearest a servant comes to his Lord is in his sujood.’ [Muslim]
You have to put the most honoured part of your body – your forehead – on the floor in submission. You humble yourself towards Allah. And this is what we need to do, not just in Ramadan, but outside Ramadan as well.
We ask Allah to make us among the devout (qaniteen); those who stand in salah (qaimeen); the elevated (rafi’een); those who do sujood (sajideen); the worshippers (‘abideen); those who do dhikr (dhakireen); the thankful (shakireen); and those who praise (hamideen). Ameen.
Shaykh Haytham Tamim – Ramadan Night 4
Transcribed by Hana Khan
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