Do you have to make up missed salah?
There are two opinions.
Prayers that you missed because of oversleeping, according to the consensus of the scholars, should be made up.
Regarding the prayers that you missed deliberately, there is a difference of opinion about the obligation to make up for them.
Ibn Taimiyyah’s view is that the sin is so great that the prayer cannot be made up. The majority of scholars, Imam Malik, Abu Hanifa, and Shafi`i, however, are of the opinion that they must be made up.
The opinion that you cannot
The Hanbali opinion is that you cannot make up a missed salah. You should repent.
The opinion that you should
The Hanafi, Shafi’ and Maliki opinion is that you should make up your missed salah.
To repay a missed fard salah is more important than praying nawafil.
You should make up for prayers according to your ability in a way that does not physically harm you or affect your livelihood.
How should you make up a lot of missed salah?
You calculate how many fard salah you have missed in your life. Then make the intention to complete them. Then you can pray one extra set of fard salah with every salah, until you have repaid them, as it is difficult to pray a large number of missed salah in one go.
With each salah, you should perform the fard and sunnah of the current salah, then perform the fard of the missed salah.
If you die before you were able to complete all the salah you missed, inshallah you will be rewarded for your intention and inshallah you will be excused that you did not complete them.
Do not make it a habit to miss your salah
You should not intentionally miss any salah. It is sinful.
Anas ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (peace a be upon him) said :
“Whoever forgets to pray a Salah, it is obligatory upon him/her that he/she pray that Salah when he remembers. There is no other way that this can be made up.” (Bukhari, Hadith 597)
In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:
“Whenever one of you misses a Salah due to sleeping or due to negligence, it is obligatory upon him/her that he/she pray the Salah when he remembers it because Allah has mentioned, “Perform Salah when you remember me”(Muslim, Hadith 1569)
Should you make up missed sunnah or witr prayers?
The Hanafi school say it is wajib (obligatory) to make up missed witr salah, but other schools regard it as sunnah so you do not have to make it up.
If you miss Fajr before dhuhr time, pray the missed sunnah and fard. However if you do it after dhuhr, you only pray the fard.
You do not have to make up emphasised sunnah prayers.
Shaykh Haytham Tamim
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